Here at the Cotton Patch all fabric ordered by the metre is cut in long quarter units eg) 1 units = 25cm, 4 units = 1 metre etc.
However, with pre-cut packs and kits we sometimes venture into the realm of the fat quarter (and other cuts but we’ll save those for another day!).
So what’s the difference between a long quarter and a fat quarter?
How is fabric cut on the bolt?
To keep things straight forward, lets base this on your standard width quilting fabric which is 42-44″ (107-112cm) wide, selvedge to selvedge. This is shown in the diagram to the right, where you can see that the size of the bolt is half the size of the full width of the fabric. So when we’re cutting your fabric, we’re always cutting through two layers, with a fold at the top.
What’s a Fat Quarter?
A fat quarter piece is 50cm by approximately 55cm. To create this we cut a half metre piece and then slice this vertically across the fold line. So every half metre gives us two fat quarters.
What’s a Long Quarter?
A long quarter is the full 42-44″ (107-112cm) width, selvedge to selvedge and 25cm along the length. Again, when we’re cutting your fabric, we’re always cutting through two layers, with a fold at the top but this time we don’t slice vertically on the fold.
The long quarter gives you the same area of fabric as a fat quarter but is thinner, longer rectangle in shape.